Suicidal attempts

General information

    • Surveillance period: 1999 - active
    • Temporal resolution: Annual surveillance
    • Publication frequency: Data are updated every year when our yearly report is published
  • Case definition :
    Any deliberated act, leading to commit a violent act on one's self (phlebotomy, precipitation, hanging, firearm, gas intoxication...) or to ingerate a toxic substance or drugs at a higher dose than what is recognised to be therapeutic. This act must be unusual : addictive behaviors (alcohol, illicit drugs) are therefore excluded as well as repeted automutilations and feeding refusals.
  • Description for each case: age; sex; history of suicide attempts; modality (medication, phlebotomy, firearms, hanging, other); patient seen in consultation prior to suicide attempt, and if so: date of last visit, suicidal thoughts, mental health patient referred within 3 months preceding the suicide attempt, prescription within 3 months prior to the act of psychotropic (antidepressants and others), psychological interview, psychological distress and/or marked depression in the year preceding the act; followed by a psychiatrist and if so exchange with the psychiatrist in the 3 months preceding the act; followed by a psychologist and whether trade with the psychiatrist in the 3 months preceding the act; hospitalization; death.

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Data access

All publications associated with this disease
  • Pouquet M, Launay T, Rivière M, Chan-Chee C, Urbain F, Coulombel N, Bardoulat I, Pons R, Guerrisi C, Blanchon T, Hanslik T, Younes N. Trends and characteristics of attempted and completed suicides reported to general practitioners before vs during the COVID-19 pandemic in France: Data from a nationwide monitoring system, 2010-2022. PLoS One. 2022. 17(12):e0278266 PubMed PMC 10.1371/journal.pone.0278266
  • Pouquet M, Niare D, Guerrisi C, Blanchon T, Hanslik T, Younes N. [Suicide prevention: How to act?] Rev Med Interne. 2022. 43(6):375-380 PubMed
  • Younes N, Rivière M, Urbain F, Pons R, Hanslik T, Rossignol L, Chan Chee C, Blanchon T. Management in primary care at the time of a suicide attempt and its impact on care post-suicide attempt: an observational study in the French GP sentinel surveillance system. BMC Fam Pract. 2020. 21(1):55 PubMed HAL PMC 10.1186/s12875-020-01126-9
  • Azevedo Da Silva M, Younès N, Leroyer A, Plancke L, Lemogne C, Goldberg M, Rivière M, Melchior M. Long-term occupational trajectories and suicide: a 22-year follow-up of the GAZEL cohort study. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2019. 45(2):158-165 PubMed HAL 10.5271/sjweh.3767
  • Rivière M, Plancke L, Leroyer A, Blanchon T, Prazuck T, Prouvost H, Sobczak B, De Pauw C, Ferreira Carreira L, Toullic Y, Lerouge P, Melchior M, Younes N. Prevalence of work-related common psychiatric disorders in primary care: The French Héraclès study. Psychiatry Res. 2018. 259:579-586 PubMed HAL 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.09.008
  • Younès N, Rivière M, Plancke L, Leroyer A, Blanchon T, Da Silva MA, Melchior M. Work intensity in men and work-related emotional demands in women are associated with increased suicidality among persons attending primary care. J Affect Disord. 2018. Aug 1(235):565-573 PubMed HAL 10.1016/j.jad.2018.04.075
  • Younes N, Melchior M, Turbelin C, Blanchon T, Hanslik T, Chee CC. Attempted and completed suicide in primary care: not what we expected? J Affect Disord. 2015. 170:150-4 PubMed 10.1016/j.jad.2014.08.037
  • Younes N, Chan Chee C, Turbelin C, Hanslik T, Passerieux C, Melchior M. Particular difficulties faced by GPs with young adults who will attempt suicide: a cross-sectional study. BMC Fam Pract. 2013. 14(1):68 PubMed HAL PMC 10.1186/1471-2296-14-68
  • Le Pont F, Letrilliart L, Massari V, Dorléans Y, Thomas G, Flahault A. Suicide and attempted suicide in France: results of a general practice sentinel network, 1999-2001. Br J Gen Pract. 2004. 54(501):282-4 PubMed PMC
  • Boëlle PY, Flahault A. Suicide trends in France and UK. Lancet. 1999. 353(9161):1364 PubMed 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)74363-4